Oculoplastics deals with disease and surgery of the structures around the eye. This may include the eyelids, the eyebrows, the lacrimal or tear system and the tissues behind the eye, known as the orbit. These structures are critical for vision. Injuries, congenital defects, aging changes and tumor affecting the eyelids as well as the tissues and bones surrounding the eyes can cause pain, eye damage, vision loss and disfigurement.
The position of the eyelid is vital to the health of the eye. Eyelid malposition can occur with aging or certain disease. There are many types of eyelid malpositions including an outward turning or ectropion, an inward turning or entroption and droopiness or ptosis. Oculoplastic surgeons can reconstruct eyelids, correct eyelid-position abnormalities, remove growths and rebuild these critical structures surrounding the eye. Other conditions treated by oculoplastic surgeons include orbital fractures and trauma, orbital tumors and cancer, lacerations and removal of the eye with subsequent reconstruction of the socket.